united-states criminal-law federalism  Share. Mass Layoffs (WARN) Meals and Breaks. However, Disability Discrimination (ADA) Discrimination Laws. Both new laws will be effect by early 2013 and both states have asked the U.S. Dept. 82.8k 7 7 gold badges 116 116 silver badges 232 232 bronze badges. Since the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, numerous federal and state actions have attempted to limit, alter or oppose the federal health law. Improve this question. Originally, state common law provided the main source of protection for trademarks. Since then, federal trademark law has consistently expanded, taking over much of the ground initially covered by state common law. Since Washington DC is a federal territory, do all crimes committed there automatically become federal crimes? However, in the late 1800s, the U.S. Congress enacted the first federal trademark law. Federal Statutory Law. Under Utah law, for example, guns made, purchased and used in the state are exempt from federal laws. Another approach known by the name "Uniform State Laws" seeks adoption of identical or similar laws by all the states. It dates back to the late nineteenth century. Interstate diversity. It says Congress can regulate trade between states, but says nothing about trade within states. One response to such a need is enactment of a federal law on the subject (e.g., the federal Securities Act of 1933). Payday Requirements. of Justice for guidance where the state laws conflict with federal drug law [source: Associated Press]. On Nov. 3, 2009, Rhode Island closed a legal loophole that had allowed indoor prostitution to exist since 1980. Minimum Wage. The federal laws generally require a complaint to be filed with the EEOC within 180 calendar days from the day the discrimination took place, which can be extended to 300 calendar days if a state (e.g. Federal laws are rules that apply throughout the United States. Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Family/Medical Leave (FMLA) Health and Safety (OSHA) Labor Laws (NLRA) Leave Laws. In Dec. 2012, President Barack Obama stated that the federal government won't go after recreational marijuana users in these states due to limited resources. For example, the Federal Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 provides for federal funding to be distributed to qualifying state … What are Federal laws? Cannabis under State Law In addition to the federal CSA, each state has its own controlled substance laws. While marijuana possession and distribution is a federal crime under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution provides that federal law is the “supreme Law of the Land,” that is not the entire story: The U.S. system of government is one of dual sovereignty where the states can and do serve as “laboratories of democracy.” Child Labor Laws. A few federal laws promote, support, or in some cases regulate state adoption and foster care efforts. Federal laws apply to everyone in the United States. The law of most of the states is based on the common law of England; the notable exception is Louisiana, whose civil law is largely based upon French and Spanish law.The passage of time has led to state courts and legislatures expanding, overruling, or modifying the common law; as a result, the laws of any given state invariably differ from the laws of its sister states. Minimum Wage for Tipped Employees. State substance control laws often roughly mirror federal law, and such laws are relatively uniform across states because many states have adopted versions of a model statute called the Uniform Controlled Substances Act. Many legal cases have been brought challenging the ACA, and various state legislatures have also challenged parts or all of the ACA through legislation. Employment / Age Certification. State and local laws apply to people who live or work in a particular state, commonwealth, territory, county, city, municipality, town, township or village. Commonly known as the Firearms Freedom Act, versions of the law have been debated during 78 legislative sessions across 37 states in the last decade. Follow edited Mar 27 '18 at 4:28. ohwilleke. Overtime. Presented below are federal laws on prostitution, state laws on prostitution, and Nevada county laws on prostitution.Prostitution is illegal in the United States with the exception of 10 Nevada counties. 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